2024年6月19日 星期三
环境因子对辣椒光合与蒸腾特性的影响
Effectsof environment factors on photosynthesis and transpiration characters of Capsicum Annuum
2005年 第14卷 第4期 页码[15-20]    下载全文[0.9MB]  
摘要

采用灰色关联分析方法研究环境因子对辣椒(Capsicum annuum Linn.)光合和蒸腾特性的影响。结果表明,在强光照下影响净光合速率的环境因子大小顺序为相对湿度、CO2浓度、温度、光照强度、气孔导度;净光合速率与相对湿度、叶温呈显著的负相关,与CO2浓度呈极显著的正相关;蒸腾速率与气温呈极显著的正相关,与相对湿度呈极显著的负相关;水分利用效率与相对湿度呈极显著的正相关,与温度呈极显著的负相关。弱光照时影响净光合速率的环境因子大小顺序为光照强度、温度、相对湿度、CO2浓度;净光合速率与光照强度、CO2浓度呈显著的正相关,与相对湿度呈显著的负相关。在强光照下适当遮阳、灌水、增施CO2肥,在弱光照下减少荫蔽、通风透气、降低相对湿度、增加温度可促进辣椒光合作用,提高辣椒产量。

Abstract

The effects of environment factors on photosynthesis and transpiration characters of Capsicum annuum Linn.were studied by using the grey relational analysis. The results indicated that under strong light the order of effects of environment factors on the net photosynthesis rate was relative humidity, CO2 concentration, temperature, light intensity, stomatal conductance successively. The net photosynthesis rate has the significant negative correlation with relative humidity or leaf temperature and the significant positive correlation with CO2 concentration. The transpiration rate has the significant positive correlation with air temperature but the significant negative correlation with relative humidity. The water utilization efficiency has the significant positive correlation with relative humidity but the significant negative correlation with temperature. Under weak light the order of effects of the environment factors on the net photosynthesis rate was light intensity, temperature, relative humidity, CO2 concentration successively. The net photosynthesis rate has the significant positive correlation with light intensity and CO2 concentration and the significant negative correlation with relative humidity. The results show that it′s very useful to increase net photosynthesis rate and yield of C. annuum under strong light with proper shading, irrigating and increasing CO2 concentration or under weak light with ventilating, heating, reducing shading and relative humidity.

关键词辣椒; 净光合速率; 蒸腾速率; 环境因子; 灰色关联分析;
Key wordsCapsicum annuum Linn.; net photosynthesis rate; transpiration rate; environment factor; grey relational analysis
作者邹学校,马艳青,张竹青,陈文超,刘荣云,戴雄泽
所在单位湖南省农业科学院国家辣椒新品种技术研究推广中心,湖南长沙410125
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下载次数835
基金项目国家‘863’计划项目(2002AA2070012)