2022年8月20日 星期六
24 个菊芋品种(系)遗传多样性的ISSR 标记分析
ISSR marker analysis on genetic diversity of twenty-four cultivars (lines) of Helianthus tuberosus
2013年 第22卷 第4期 页码[44-49]    下载全文[1.1MB]  
摘要

利用ISSR 分子标记技术研究了来源于国内外不同区域的24 个菊芋(Helianthus tuberosus Linn.)品种(系)的遗传多样性,并结合块茎特征采用聚类分析法探讨了它们的遗传关系。结果表明:用16 条ISSR 引物从24 个品种(系)的基因组DNA 共扩增出242 条带,包含228 条多态性条带,多态性条带百分率达94. 2%,其中7 条引物的多态性条带百分率达100. 0%。各品种(系)间的遗传距离为0. 19 ~1. 01,遗传距离平均值为0. 45。聚类分析结果显示:在遗传相似系数0. 68 处可将24 个品种(系)划分为5 类,第Ⅰ类仅包含‘青芋1 号’(‘Qingyu No. 1’),第Ⅱ类仅包含W12,第Ⅲ类包含W30、W42、‘青芋2 号’(‘Qingyu No. 2’)、W09、W18、W26 和W51,第Ⅳ类包含W06 和W84,第Ⅴ类包含‘青芋3 号’(‘Qingyu No. 3’)、W23、W36、W43、W54、W75、W50、W62、W64、W79、S150、S138 和W66;多数块茎特征相似的品种(系)被聚在一起,但也有部分块茎特征不同的品种(系)被聚在同一类中;部分品种(系)的聚类分析结果与其形态分类结果及地理分布不一致。研究结果表明:供试的菊芋品种(系)具有较高的遗传多样性,存在着较为频繁的基因交流;基于ISSR 标记分析能较准确地揭示出菊芋品种(系)间的遗传多样性。

Abstract

Genetic diversity of twenty-four cultivars (lines) of Helianthus tuberosus Linn. from different regions at home and abroad was researched by ISSR molecular marker, and genetic relationship among these cultivars (lines) was discussed by cluster analysis method combined with tuber characteristics. The results show that 242 bands are amplified from genomic DNA of twenty-four cultivars (lines) by sixteen ISSR primers, and there are 228 polymorphic bands with percentage of polymorphic band of 94. 2%, in which, the percentage of polymorphic band of seven primers reaches to 100. 0%. The genetic distance among all cultivars (lines) is 0. 19-1. 01 with an average of 0. 45. The cluster analysis result shows that twenty-four cultivars (lines) can be divided into five groups at genetic similarity coefficient 0. 68. Ⅰ group only contains ‘Qingyu No. 1’, Ⅱgroup only contains W12, Ⅲgroup contains W30, W42, ‘Qingyu No. 2’, W09, W18, W26 and W51, Ⅳgroup contains W06 and W84, and Ⅴgroup contains ‘Qingyu No. 3’, W23, W36, W43, W54, W75, W50, W62, W64, W79, S150, S138 and W66. Most cultivars (lines) with similar tuber characteristics are clustered together, but also some cultivars (lines) with different tuber characteristics are clustered into the same groups. And cluster analysis result of a part of cultivars (lines) is inconsistent with morphological classification result and geographical distribution. It is suggested that cultivars (lines) of H. tuberosus tested possess higher genetic diversity, and there are frequent gene exchange. The genetic diversity of cultivars (lines) of H. tuberosus can be accurately revealed by means of ISSR marker analysis.

关键词菊芋; ISSR 标记; 遗传多样性; 多态性条带; 聚类分析; 块茎特征
Key wordsHelianthus tuberosus Linn.; ISSR marker; genetic diversity; polymorphic band; cluster analysis; tuber characteristics
作者赵孟良, 韩睿, 李莉
所在单位青海省农林科学院菊芋研发中心青海省蔬菜遗传与生理重点实验室, 青海西宁810016
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基金项目国家大宗蔬菜产业技术体系西宁综合试验站项目(CARS-25-G-49); 青海省蔬菜遗传与生理重点实验室创新基金项目(Sc-zdsys-2011-02)