2024年2月25日 星期日
低温层积对3种椴树属植物种子活性氧含量和抗氧化酶活性的影响
Effect of low temperature stratification on reactive oxygen species content and antioxidant enzyme activities in seeds of three species of Tilia Linn.
2022年 第31卷 第6期 页码[84-86]    下载全文[0.8MB]  
摘要

对4 ℃低温层积0~120 d紫椴(Tilia amurensis Rupr.)、辽椴(T. mandshurica Rupr. et Maxim.)和美洲椴(T. americana Linn.)种子的O2和H2O2含量以及SOD、POD和CAT活性变化进行了比较。结果表明:在低温层积过程中,3种植物种子的O2含量以及辽椴和美洲椴种子的H2O2含量总体上高于对照(层积0 d),但紫椴种子的H2O2含量低于对照;3种植物种子的抗氧化酶活性呈现不同变化趋势,其中,辽椴种子的SOD和POD活性以及美洲椴种子的POD活性均高于对照。总体来看,低温层积可促进3种植物种子中活性氧的积累,并增强辽椴种子的SOD和POD活性及美洲椴种子的POD活性。

Abstract

Variations of O2 and H2O2 contents and SOD, POD, and CAT activities in seeds of Tilia amurensis Rupr., T. mandshurica Rupr. et Maxim., and T. americana Linn. during 4 ℃ low temperature stratification for 0-120 d were compared. The results show that during low temperature stratification, O2 content in seeds of three species and H2O2 content in seeds of T. mandshurica and T. americana are generally higher than those of the control (stratification for 0 d), but H2O2 content in seeds of T. amurensis is lower than that of the control; antioxidant enzyme activities of three species show different variation tendencies, in which, SOD and POD activities in seeds of T. mandshurica and POD activity in seeds of T. americana are all higher than those of the control. It is suggested that in general, low temperature stratification can promote reactive oxygen species accumulation in seeds of three species, and increase SOD and POD activities in seeds of T. mandshurica and POD activity in seeds of T. americana.

关键词椴树属; 种子休眠; 低温层积; 活性氧含量; 抗氧化酶活性
Key wordsTilia Linn.; seed dormancy; low temperature stratification; reactive oxygen species content; antioxidant enzyme activity
作者许世达, 王立, 吴莹, 徐汤俊, 耿兴敏, 祝遵凌
所在单位南京林业大学风景园林学院, 江苏 南京 210037
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基金项目南京市绿化园林局项目(YLKJ202005JH); 南京林业大学大学生创新创业训练项目(2020NFUSPITP0916)