2024年7月21日 星期日
滇南8种珍贵香科植物的开发利用
The exploitation and utilization of eight species of precious perfume plants in southern Yunnan, China
1993年 第2卷 第2期 页码[16-20]    下载全文[0.6MB]  
摘要

在云南热区发掘和初步引种栽培结果的8种野生香料植物,为珍贵资源。从它们的利用部位花、果、叶和根中,可提取芳香油,主要成分分别为芳樟醇、香叶醇、金合欢醇、黄樟素、柠檬醛、茴香醚及癸醛、十二碳醛等,含量相当高,为重要调香原料,有的作药用,颇具发展种植和开发利用价值。

Abstract

Eight species of wild perfume plants which are native in southern Yunnan have been studied and cultivated into fruiting in Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden. Essential oils distilled from flowers, fruits, leaves and roots of these plants are proved to be valuable flavouring raw materials and can be used for important perfume and medicinal purpose. It showed that main constituents are linalool , geraniol , farnesol , safrole , citral , t-anethole , decanal and lauric aldehyde respectively and with high containing percentage. It is worth to further extend cultivation and industrial utilization for these plants.

关键词植物香料; 香叶醇; 金合欢醇; 癸醛;
Key wordsplant perfume; geraniol; farnesol; decanal
作者程必强
所在单位中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 勐仑 666303
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