2024年5月27日 星期一
水培条件下NaCl胁迫对坪山柚实生苗生理生化特性的影响
Effect of NaCl stress on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of Citrus grandis ‘Pingshanyou’ seedlings under hydroponic culture condition
2005年 第14卷 第3期 页码[16-20]    下载全文[0.7MB]  
摘要

采用水培法研究了不同浓度NaCl对坪山柚(Citrus grandis ‘Pingshanyou’)实生苗生理生化特性的影响。结果表明, 120mmol·L-1 NaCl胁迫10d或80mmol·L-1NaCl胁迫20d,坪山柚叶片大分子渗漏值和丙二醛(MDA)含量显著增加,叶片相对含水量(RWC)显著下降。120mmol·L-1NaCl胁迫10d,坪山柚叶片氨基酸含量、细胞汁液pH值和根系活力不受影响,但40mmol·L-1NaCl胁迫20d,坪山柚根系活力明显降低,而在80或120mmol·L-1NaCl胁迫20d时叶片氨基酸含量和细胞汁液pH值变化显著,表明坪山柚根系可能对NaCl胁迫更敏感。NaCl胁迫导致坪山柚叶片光合色素含量降低,其中叶绿素b和类胡萝卜素含量下降幅度大,对NaCl胁迫敏感。

Abstract

Effects of different concentrations of NaCl on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of Citrus grandis‘Pingshanyou’ seedlings were studied by using hydroponic culture method. The results showed that the macromolecule leakage value and malondialdedyed (MDA) content in leaves of the seedlings increased significantly, but the relative water content(RWC)decreased obviously when treated by 120 mmol· L-1 NaCl for 10 d or 80 mmol· L-1 NaCl for 20 d. It had no effect on amino acid content, pH value of cell sap and root vitality of the seedlings stressed by 120mmol·L-1 NaCl for10 d, but the root vitality decreased obviously under 40 mmol·L-1 NaCl stress for 20 d, the amino acid content and the pH value of cell sap in leaves did not change significantly until treated by 8 0 or1 20 mmol·L-1 NaCl for 20 d, respectively. Therefore, itmight be suggested that the root system of C. grandis ‘Pingshanyou’ seedling is more sensitive to NaCl stress. The contents of photosynthetic pigments in leaves of the seedlings decreased when stressed by different concentrations of NaCl for 30 d, the decreasing of contents of chlorophyll b and carotenoid were obviously, so photosynthetic pigments are sensitive to NaCl stress.

关键词坪山柚; NaCl胁迫; 生理生化特性; 耐盐性
Key wordsCitrus grandis‘Pingshanyou’; NaCl stress; physiological and biochemical characteristics; salt tolerance
作者马翠兰1,刘星辉1,庄伟强1,陈素英2
所在单位1.福建农林大学园艺学院,福建福州350002;
2.莆田学院环境与生命科学系,福建莆田351100
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基金项目福建农林大学校青年教师基金资助项目(03A03);