2021年12月8日 星期三
桂花抗冻种质的筛选及抗冻机理初探
Screening for freezing resistant germplasms of Osmanthus fragrans Lour. varieties and its mechanism of freezing resistance
1996年 第5卷 第1期 页码[18-22]    下载全文[0.7MB]  
摘要

采用田间调查及人工模拟冰冻鉴定的方法,比较测定了4个桂花品种的抗冻性,其抗冻性强弱顺序为金桂(Osmanthus fragrans var.thunbergii)>银桂(O.fragrans var.latifolius)>丹桂(O.fragrans var.aurantiacus)>四季桂(O.fragrans var.semperflorens)。筛选出5株抗冻性最强的单株,它们的致死温度都在-26℃左右。桂花叶片膜脂脂肪酸组成随季节呈周期性变化,随着气温下降亚麻酸(18∶3)含量增加而亚油酸(18∶2)含量降低。不同品种均表现出一致的变化趋势,抗性强的品种这种变化则更为显著。在自然脱锻炼过程中,叶面喷施脱落酸(200ppm)能使亚麻酸含量保持稳定,延缓桂花的脱锻炼。

Abstract

Freezing resistance of four varieties of Osmanthus fragrans Lour. were determined.Among them, O. fragrans var. thunbergii was the hardiest. The freezing resistance of the others were arranged in an order of O. fragrans var. latifolius, O. fragrans var. aurantiacus and O. fragrans var. semperflorens . Five plants, Xuan-5, Zh-4,Zh-7, Zh-10 and Zh-8 were selected out as the hardiest ones among 19 trees tested, their LT5o temperature were about - 26°C . The composition of membrane fatty acid in the leaves were also measured. The results showed that the composition of membrane fatty acid in the leaves changed periodically with the change of growing seasons. The content of 18 : 3 acid significantly increased whereas that of 18 : 2 acid decreased as the air temperature dropped. The variation trends were much the same in various varieties, but it is more evident in hardy varieties. The content of 18: 3 acid in leaves treated with 200 ppm abscisic acid (ABA) maintained more steady during dehardening and delayed the dehardening processes of Osmanthus fragrans .

关键词桂花; 抗冻机理; 膜脂脂肪酸; 脱落酸;
Key wordsOsmanthus fragrans Lour.; freezing resistant mechanism; membrane; fatty acid; abscisic acid (ABA)
作者毕绘蟾,孙醉君,顾姻,缪启新,黄树芝,郑生智
所在单位江苏省中国科学院植物研究所,南京210014
点击量7302
下载次数235