2022年11月28日 星期一
论滩地灭螺林的概念与应用
Concept and application of the beach land forest for killing snails
1995年 第4卷 第1期 页码[31-36]    下载全文[0.8MB]  
摘要

兴林灭螺<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt;" ar-sa;"="" zh-cn;="" en-us;="" roman";="" new="" "times="" times="">产生背景、发展现状和重要影响,阐述滩地灭螺林与其他林种之间的区别,滩地灭螺林除具有灭螺防病的功能之外,还有其特殊的地理环境、特定的树种构成、特异的营造技术和林相结构;总结滩地灭螺林的经营原则是超强度集约经营、短周期经营、规模经营和综合经营;因此滩地灭螺林在林业生产中应划分为一个新的林种;提出长江中下游沿江地区新的林种结构是滩地灭螺林、防护林、经济林与景观游憩林;并就如何加快发展滩地灭螺林、提高灭螺防病的社会效益提出建设性意见。

Abstract

According to the historical background and current situation along with the important influence of establishing forest for killing snails, this paper sets forth the difference between beach land forest for killing snails and other forest categories. Besides its special function, the beach land forest for killing snails has its own geographical conditions, typical composition, particular silvicultural technology and stand structure. Based on the rules of beach land forest with intensive management, short rotation and comprehensive development in large scale, it is considered that beach land forest should be regarded as a new forest category in forestry. Therefore, in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River the forest categories should be divided into four types, which are the beach land forest for killing snails, shelter forest, production forest and recreation forest. Finally, some constructive suggestions have been put forward for how to speed up the development of the beach land forest for killing snails and enhance the social effect of killing snails and preventing disease caused by snails.

关键词血吸虫病; 钉螺; 林种; 滩地灭螺林; 森林生态系统;
Key wordsschistosomiasis; snail; forest category; beach land forest for killing snails; forest ecosystem
作者周蜀生 ,张新法
所在单位安 徽省 林业 厅 , 合肥 2 3 0 0 0 1
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基金项目林业部、卫生部联合下达的《兴林灭螺、综合治理与开发三滩》研究项目