2024年4月24日 星期三
中国木蓼属植物叶表皮微形态特征及其分类学意义
Leaf epidermal micro-morphological characteristics of Atraphaxis Linn. ( Polygonaceae) in China and its taxonomical significance
2013年 第22卷 第2期 页码[8-17]    下载全文[2.5MB]  
摘要

利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)对国产蓼科(Polygonaceae)木蓼属(Atraphaxis Linn.)11 个种类的叶表皮微形态特征进行了观察和比较、探讨其分类学意义,并据此编制了供试11 个种类的分类检索表。观察结果表明:供试的11 个木蓼属种类的叶表皮微形态特征(包括表皮细胞形状、垂周壁式样、叶表皮表面纹饰、角质膜、气孔器类型、气孔外拱盖内缘类型及其纹饰)均表现出较高的多样性。叶表皮细胞形状分为不规则形和多边形2 类,垂周壁式样分为弓形和平直2 类,多数种类具有不规则的表皮细胞以及弓形垂周壁;叶表皮表面纹饰分为乳头状突起、薄壁区、具条纹和加厚区4 类,大多数种类叶片上、下表皮均无乳头状突起;气孔器包括无规则型、不等型和平列型3 类,以不等型为主;角质膜可分为具条纹和条状隆起2 类且部分种类具颗粒,以具条纹类型居多;气孔外拱盖内缘可分为浅波状和近平滑2 类,气孔外拱盖纹饰则可分为具颗粒、近平滑和具条纹3 类,供试11 个种类以气孔外拱盖内缘浅波状且纹饰具颗粒为主。分析结果显示:木蓼属不同种类的叶表皮微形态特征多样性较为丰富,这些特征可作为区分该属部分种类的参考依据。

 

Abstract

Leaf epidermal micro-morphological characteristics of eleven species of Atraphaxis Linn. (Polygonaceae) in China were observed and compared by scanning electron microscope (SEM), and its taxonomical significance was discussed. Hereby, key to eleven species tested was also compiled. The observation results show that micro-morphological characteristics (including shape of epidermal cells, pattern of anticlinal wall, surface ornamentation of leaf epidermis, cuticular membrane, type of stomatal apparatus, inner margin type and ornamentation of outer stomatal ledge) of leaf epidermis of eleven species tested appear high diversity. Shape of epidermal cell contains two types of irregular and polygonal, pattern of anticlinal wall contains two types of arched and straight, most species tested possess irregular epidermal cell and arched anticlinal wall. Surface ornamentation of leaf epidermis can be  ivided into four types of papillae, thin area, striate and thickened area, upper and lower epidermis of most species tested have no papillae. Stomatal apparatus can be divided into three types of anomocytic, anisocytic and paracytic with a majority of anisocytic type. Cuticular membrane contains two types of striate and apophysis, in which some species possess granules and striate is major. Inner margin of outer stomatal ledge can be divided into two types of sinuolate and nearly smooth, ornamentation of outerstomatal ledge also contains three types of granules, nearly smooth and striate, and sinuolate inner marginand granules ornamentation of outer stomatal ledge are main among eleven species tested. The analysis result indicates that diversity of mirco-morphological characteristics of leaf epidermis among different species of Atraphaxis Linn. is relatively rich, as a result, these characteristics are taken as references for distinguishing some species of the genus.

关键词木蓼属; 叶表皮; 微形态特征; 分类学意义; 检索表
Key wordsAtraphaxis Linn.; leaf epidermis; micro-morphological characteristics; taxonomical significance; key
作者张健1,2, 闻志彬2, 张明理2,3
所在单位1. 石河子大学生命科学学院, 新疆石河子832003;
2. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所干旱区生物地理与生物资源重点实验室, 新疆乌鲁木齐830011;
3. 中国科学院植物研究所, 北京100093
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基金项目中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向资助项目(KZCX2-EW-305); 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所“百人计划”资助项目