2024年7月25日 星期四
西双版纳野芭蕉先锋群落优势种群的生态位动态
Niche dynamics of dominant populations of Musa acuminata Colla pioneer community in Xishuangbanna , SW.China
2000年 第9卷 第1期 页码[22-26]    下载全文[0.8MB]  
摘要

运用 Levins(1968)Pianka(1973)提出的方法研究西双版纳小果野芭蕉(Musa acuminata Colla)先锋群落优势种群的生态位动态特征结果表明, 该群落中生态位宽度值列前五位的种群是:小果野芭蕉(1.615 7)、木奶果(Baccaurea ramiflora Lour ., 1 .531 5)、榕树(Ficus spp., 1 .243 8)、接骨木(Sambucus williamsii Hance , 1.229 0)和苎麻(Boehmeria spp., 0 .945 3);小果野芭蕉的生态位宽度值随着演替进行逐渐增大;群落中除小果野芭蕉与其余物种间生态位重叠值普遍较大外, 接骨木木奶果苎麻和榕树与它种植物之间具有较大幅度的生态位重叠:三个演替阶段, 小果野芭蕉同其余物种间生态位重叠值大小变化呈V字形规律文章还描述了群落演替过程中的物种更替与种群大小变化及种间竞争概况并预测了群落演替方向
 

Abstract

The niche characteristics and dynamics of Musa acuminata Colla pioneer community in
Xishuangbanna were calculated by the methods of Levins
' niche breadth (1968)and Pianka' s niche overlap(1973).The results show , the first five populations according to their niche breadth value are Musa acuminata Colla (1 .6157), Baccaurea ramiflora Lour .(1 .5315), Ficus spp .(1 .2438), Sambucus williamsii Hance (1 .2290), Boehmeria spp .(0 .9453).The niche value of Musa
acuminata
is increased w ith the successive process of the community .Besides Musa acuminata ,
Sambucus williamsii , Baccaurea ramiflora , Boehmeria , and Ficus
have higher niche overlap w ith
other species in the community
. Along the three successive stage , there are a "Vcurve to express niche overlap values of Musa acum inata Colla among w ith other species .The present paper also give adescription about species rotation , population size dynamics , and interspecific competition following the successive process of the community , and in the mean time announce the successive orientation of Musa acuminata Colla pioneer community in advance .
 

关键词小果野芭蕉; 先锋群落; 优势种群; 生态位; 演替
Key wordsM usa acum inata Colla; pioneer community; dominant population; niche; succession
作者张光明 ,唐建维, 施济普 ,白坤甲
所在单位中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园, 云南勐腊 666303
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下载次数1081
基金项目中国科学院重大项目(KZ951-A1-104)和云南省自然科学基金项目(98C009M)资助