2024年6月25日 星期二
4个观赏竹种的光合特性及其影响因子分析
Analyses on photosynthetic characteristics of four ornamental bamboo species and its influence factors
2016年 第25卷 第1期 页码[24-33]    下载全文[0.9MB]  
摘要

本研究以白纹阴阳竹(Hibanobambusa tranquillans f. shiroshima H. Okamura)鼓节竹(Bambusa tuldoides ‘Swolleninternode’)花秆早竹(Phyllostachys violascens f. viridisulcata P. X. Zhang et W. X. Huang)和美丽箬竹(Indocalamus decorus Q. H. Dai)4 个观赏竹种为供试材料,分析了各竹种的光响应和CO2 响应曲线及参数光合和气体交换参数以及相关环境因子的日变化规律,并通过相关性分析逐步多元回归分析和通径分析探讨了影响4 个竹种叶片净光合速率(Pn)的主要因子测定结果表明:随光合有效辐射强度(PAR)或胞间CO2 浓度(Ci)的提高,各竹种叶片的Pn 值均逐渐增大,但增幅有一定差异;各竹种的光响应和CO2 响应参数均有较大差异,其中,白纹阴阳竹叶片的表观量子产量(AQY)最低,CO2 饱和点(CSP)CO2 补偿点(CCP)也较低,其他参数均最高;而花秆早竹叶片的AQY CCP 值均最高,而其他参数总体上均最低4 个竹种的光合及气体交换参数日变化曲线均有一定差异;美丽箬竹叶片Pn 值日变化曲线呈双峰型”;白纹阴阳竹鼓节竹和花秆早竹叶片的Pn 值日变化曲线均呈单峰型”,峰值分别出现在14:0010:00 12:00;总体上看,4 个竹种叶片的气孔导度(Gs)Ci蒸腾速率(Tr)和水分利用效率(WUE)总体上具有相似的日变化趋势分析结果表明:按照总影响效应由高至低进行排序,对白纹阴阳竹叶片Pn 值的主要影响因子为PARTr大气CO2 浓度(Ca)Ci,对鼓节竹叶片Pn 值的主要影响因子为PARTrCaGs,对花秆早竹叶片Pn 值的主要影响因子为PARTrGs气温(Ta)Ci,对美丽箬竹叶片Pn 值的主要影响因子为PAR空气相对湿度(RH)TaCaTrGs综合分析结果显示:4 个竹种中,白纹阴阳竹光合能力最强,但对弱光的适应和利用能力较弱,CO2 同化能力强且适应范围广;鼓节竹和美丽箬竹对光和CO2 的利用能力和适应范围均居中;花秆早竹光合能力和CO2 同化能力最差,但对弱光的适应和利用能力较强,CO2 适应范围较窄

Abstract

Taking four ornamental bamboo species of Hibanobambusa tranquillans f. shiroshima H.Okamura, Bambusa tuldoides ‘Swolleninternode’,  Phyllostachys violascens f. viridisulcata P. X. Zhang et W. X. Huang and Indocalamus decorus Q. H. Dai as materials tested, light response and CO2 response curves and parameters, and diurnal change laws in photosynthetic and gas exchange parameters and related environmental factors related were analyzed, and the main factors affecting net photosynthetic rate (Pn) of leaf of four bamboo species were discussed by correlation analysis, stepwise multiple regression analysis and path analysis. The determination results show that with enhancing of photosynthetically active radiation intensity (PAR) or intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), Pn value of leaf of each bamboo species increases gradually, but there is a certain difference in their increasing ranges. There are great differences in light response and CO2 response parameters of each bamboo species. In which, apparent quantum yield (AQY) of leaf of H. tranquillans f. shiroshima is the lowest,CO2 saturation point (CSP) and CO2 compensation point (CCP) are also lower, and other parameters all are the highest, while both AQY and CCP values of P.violascens f. viridisulcata are the highest, other parameters are the lowest generally. There are some differences in all diurnal change curves of photosynthetic and gas exchange parameters of four bamboo species. Diurnal change curve of Pn value of leaf of I. decorus is “ double-peak type”. That of H. tranquillans f. shiroshima, B.  tuldoides ‘Swolleninternode’and P. violascens f. viridisulcata is “single-peak type”, their peak values appear at 14:00, 10:00 and 12:00, respectively. Overall, diurnal change trends of stomatal conductance (Gs),Ci, Transpiration rate (Tr) and water use efficiency (WUE) of leaf of four bamboo species are similar.The analysis results show that according to total influence from high to low, main factors affecting Pn value of leaf of H. tranquillans f. shiroshima are PAR, Tr, air CO2 concentration (Ca), Ci; those of B. tuldoides ‘Swolleninternode’are PAR, Tr, Ca, Gs, those of P. violascens f. viridisulcata are PAR, Tr,Gs, air temperature (Ta), Ci, and those of I. decorus are PAR, air relative humidity (RH), Ta, Ca,Tr, Gs. The comprehensive analysis results indicate that among four bamboo species, H. tranquillans f. shiroshima has the strongest photosynthetic ability, while it has a weak ability to adapt and use to low light, and its CO2 assimilation ability is also strong with a wide adaptability; B. tuldoides ‘Swolleninternode’ and I. decorus are at the middle both in utilization ability and in adaptation range of light and CO2; P. violascens f. viridisulcata is the worst both in photosynthetic ability and in CO2 assimilation ability, while it has a strong ability to adapt and use to low light, and has a narrow CO2 adaptation range.

关键词观赏竹种; 光合特性; 气体交换参数; 环境因子; 相关性分析; 通径分析
Key wordsornamental bamboo species; photosynthetic characteristics; gas exchange parameters; environmental factors; correlation analysis; path analysis
作者黄滔1,2, 刘玮1, 唐红1, 黄程前1, 黄文韬1, 唐军1
所在单位1. 湖南省森林植物园, 湖南长沙410116; 2. 中南林业科技大学, 湖南长沙410004
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基金项目湖南省科学技术厅项目(2011NK3019); 中央财政林业科技推广示范项目([2013]XT03)