2024年6月19日 星期三
中药砂仁类资源植物药理活性的比较
Comparative studies on bioactivities of the resources plants of Fructus Amomi
1993年 第2卷 第3期 页码[18-21]    下载全文[0.5MB]  
摘要

本文对6种砂仁类中药水煎液及挥发油进行了抑菌作用和对小鼠小肠运动影响的比较研究。结果表明春砂仁、壳砂仁和建砂仁的水煎液对革兰氏阳性菌(G+)有抑制作用;川砂仁挥发油、建砂仁水煎液对革兰氏阴性菌(G-)有抑制作用;红壳砂仁挥发油及水煎液对革兰氏阳性菌(G+)与革兰氏阴性菌(G-)均有抑制作用,而绿壳砂均无抑制作用。砂仁类的水煎液对促进肠管运动有明显作用,而挥发油即使在稀释100倍的情况下对肠管运动仍起抑制作用。

Abstract

This paper deals with comparative studies on the bioactivities of Fructus Amomi viz. Amomum villosum Lour. , A. villosum var. xanthioides T. L. Wu et Senjen, A. longiligulare T. L. Wu , A. aurantiacum H. T. Tsai et S. W. Zhao, Alpinia zerumbet Burtt et Smith and A. japonica Miq. The results showed that the aqueous extracts of A.villosum, A. longiligulare, A. aurantiacum,Alpinia japonica and volatile oil of A. aurantiacum have anti- gram- positive bacterium activities; the aqueous extract of A. aurantiacum, A. japonica and volatile oils of A. aurantiacum and A. zerumbet have anti-gram-negative bacterium activities. The aqueous extracts of the 6 species mentioned above can enhance the enterakinesia in mice ; but, 1% concentration of volatile oils ( lg crude drug/ml) of the 6 species can also inhibite the enterakinesia in mice.

关键词砂仁; 豆蔻属; 山姜属; 药理活性;
Key wordsFructus Amomi; Amomum Roxb.; Alpinia Roxb.; bioactivitiy
作者余伯阳 ,梅其春 ,王弘敏,吴京俊,徐国钧
所在单位中 国药 科 大学 南 京 2 1 0 0 0 9
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