2024年6月19日 星期三
三江源地区生态系统服务功能与价值评估
Ecosystem services and its value evaluation of Sanjiangyuan Region
2005年 第14卷 第1期 页码[40-43]    下载全文[0.6MB]  
摘要

并对其价值进行了评估。结果表明:。从生态系统类型来看,21.97%9.17% 0.06%主要是废物处理、水源涵养、气候调节、土壤形成与保护、生物多样性、娱乐文化、气体调节、原材料和食物生产,21.9%10.1%6.6%2.0% 。说明三江源地区生态系统具有多种服务功能,<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt;" ar-sa;"="" zh-cn;="" en-us;="" roman";="" new="" "times="" times="">保护其生态系统结构和功能对中国江河中下游地区生态环境安全和区域可持续发展都具有重要意义。

Abstract

The ecosystem structure was analyzed and its services were assessed by categorizing system and valuating method of Xie Gao-di in Sanjiangyuan Region of China. The results indicate that the value of ecosystem servicesis 3 377.1×108yuan·a-1. The value of wetland, grassland, forest, water body, desert and farm land account for 52.91%, 21.97%, 15.23%, 9.17%, 0.67% and 0.06% of the total value respectively. The value of waste treatment, water conservation, climate regulation, soil formation and erosion control, biological diversity, recreation and culture, gas regulation, raw materials, and food production take up 23.9%, 21.9%, 19.1%, 10.1%, 8.7%, 6.6%, 6.4%, 2.0% and 1.3% of the total value respectively. The results show that there are many ecosystem services in Sanjiangyuan Region. It is important to protect its structure and function of ecosystem for safety of environment and sustainable development of middle and lower reaches of rivers in China.

关键词服务功能; 价值评估; 三江源地区; 生态系统;
Key wordsecosystem services; value evaluation; Sanjiangyuan Region; ecosystem
作者刘敏超1,2,3,李迪强2,栾晓峰2,温琰茂1
所在单位1.中山大学环境科学与工程学院,广东广州510275;
2.中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所,北京100091;
3.湛江海洋大学,广东湛江524088
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基金项目国家林业局自然保护区社会经济与生态价值评估项目资助;