2022年8月20日 星期六
野生中泰南五味子果实的形态及营养成分分析
Analyses on morphology and nutrient component in fruit of wild Kadsura ananosma
2016年 第25卷 第4期 页码[107-109]    下载全文[0.8MB]  
Abstract

The morphological index and main nutrient component in mature fruit of wild Kadsura ananosma Kerr from Xishuangbanna of Yunnan were measured and analyzed. The results show that fruit of K. ananosma is aggregate berries and spherical with diameter of 11.0-16.5 cm and weight of more than 1 kg. Water content of fruit is 90% . Contents of crude fiber, crude fat, reducing sugar, protein, ash, total acids, total carbohydrates and soluble solid are 17.1, 11.3, 9.2, 5.6, 5.0, 2.3, 78.1 and 82.8 mg· g-1 , respectively, and energy value is 1.84 kJ· g-1 . There are sixteen kinds of amino acids, in which, there are seven kinds of essential amino acids, and total content of essential amino acids is 1.93 mg· g-1 . Contents of mineral elements such as K, Ca, Mn and Fe are all higher, while content of Na is lower, in which, content of K is as high as 2. 22 mg· g-1 . It is indicated that fruit of K. ananosma is big and contains rich nutrients with characteristics of high K, low Na and low energy.

关键词中泰南五味子; 果实; 形态; 营养成分
Key wordsKadsura ananosma Kerr; fruit; morphology; nutrient componen
作者陈伟, 文进, 袁莲珍, 李江, 陈绍安, 刘际梅
所在单位云南省林业科学院 云南省森林植物培育与开发利用重点实验室, 云南 昆明 650201
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基金项目2013 年西双版纳州科技计划项目(YX201304); 云南省森林植物培育与开发利用重点实验室开放基金项目(2013KF08)